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Chlamydia

The STD Chlamydia belongs to one of the most frequent diseases which are sexual transmitted. There are 200.000 new cases known each year but the estimated number of unreported cases is supposed to be much bigger.

No one should try to hide this disease and be ashamed of, cause unmedicated Chlamydia causes infertility for both sexes.

Medication against Chlamydia:

Medication

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and in the UK is one of the most common STIs.

This disease usually is common in teenagers and young adults with an active sexual life. This disease can be transmitted doing sex without condom (unprotected sex).

Some studies show that, if you are sexually active, under 25 years old and living in England, it is strongly recommend to test for chlamydia once a year and each time you change your sexual partner.

In England, in 2013, more than 200,000 people were diagnosed with chlamydia. Moreover, almost 7 in 10 people diagnosed with this disease were under 25.

Chlamydia: Symptoms

This disease is not easy to discover once most people do not feel any symptoms.

If you feel some of the experiences below, can be symptoms of chlamydia:

  • Swelling and pain in the testicles, in men;
  • bleeding during or after sex, pain in the tummy and bleeding between periods, in women;
  • feel pain to urinate;
  • uncommon discharge from back passage ( rectum, penis or vagina);

It is recommended to talk to your GP, if you have the risk to get chlamydia or if you have these symptoms above.

Chlamydia: How can you get it?

Usually, chlamydia can spread through sex or if you have contact with infected semen or vaginal fluids. This disease is a bacterial infection and you can get it, in these situations below:

  • if you have contact into your eye with  infected vaginal or semen fluid;
  • if your genitals have contact with other´s genitals (in this case, it is not necessary penetration, ejaculation or orgasm, just the contact can be infected);
  • if you share sex toys without washed completely after use or do not covered with a condom and use it again;
  • if you have unprotected sex (oral, anal and vaginal);

It is important to know that you will not get Chlamydia through casual contact, for example: hugging or kissing, or if you share towels, toilets seats, cutlery, swimming pools or baths.

Chlamydia: Is it serious?

It is very important to do a test and treat this disease as soon as possible, if you had the chance to be infected. This is a disease that sometimes you will not feel any symptoms.

You can, easily, treat it with a short course of antibiotics, but if you do not treat in the beginning, can  spread to  other parts of your body and lead to serious problems, like long-term health disease, for example infertility, inflammation of the testicles (epididymo-orchitis) or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Chlamydia: Doing the test

This test you can do it with a swab test or a urine test, and usually you do not need a physical examination by a doctor or nurse.

You can get this chlamydia test kits to do in your home, but the efficiency of this tests can be variable. In this case, it is better to talk to your GP or the pharmacist to get accuracy information.

You can also get a confidential test and for free, in GP surgery, sexual health clinic or a genitourinary medicine clinic (GUM).

Chlamydia: Treatment

There are two main prescribed antibiotics for chlamydia, as follow:

  • Doxycycline ( you will take at once, from two to four tablets);
  • Azithromycin ( you will take two capsules per day for one week);

Usually, the effectivess of these antibiotics is very high to treat Chlamydia. According to some estimates, using the antibiotics correctly, more than 95% of people will be cured.

Once you have the confirmation of the results, you should start the treatment immediately. Nevertheless, if you already had this disease many times, you should start the treatment before you get the results.

Common side effects:

The side effects of this treatment is usually mild, including:

  • feeling sick;
  • tummy pain;
  • diarrhea;
  • in women, vaginal thrush;

For people who can have some allergy or are pregnant or breastfeeding, the doctor can prescript different antibiotics, for example erythromycin or amoxicillin.

The GP can also treat you longer if he concerns about the complications of chlamydia.

During the treatment, you and your partner cannot have sex. It is better have not sex for at least one week if your treatment is one-day course.

To avoid spread the infection of chlamydia, all partners that you have in the last six months should do the test and get the treatment.

Sources:

  • Chlamydia: website: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Chlamydia/Pages/Introduction.aspx, last check 09. September 2017.
  • Chlamydial Genital Infection: website: https://patient.info/doctor/chlamydial-genital-infection, last check 09. September 2017.